In today's world, teaching students in Malaysia is not only about making them score high grades. It is also a process of helping them learn better, and assisting them in developing in a way that would prepare them to confront the increasing competition in the near future is essential. A teacher is frequently concerned about his or her teaching style. Their method will influence how students pay more attention, learn better and retain knowledge. Here are five ways to help students with learning. 

1. Presentation And Research 

            Research and Share With The Class

Educators can assign students some course-related themes for which they must conduct their own study and give presentations in which they must explain their topic to other students. This will boost their confidence and help them become better researchers and public speakers. When a student conducts research and teaches himself/herself about a subject, he or she learns "how to learn," and when they study with the intention of teaching others, they construct an encyclopedia about that subject in their heads. Students usually do this to ensure that they know everything there is to know about it and are prepared to answer any questions that may arise. 

2. Spread-out Study time

            Studying Should Be Spread Out Throughout Time

Many students put off studying for a test until the night before. Teachers, too, frequently postpone reviewing until the day before a test. When a sufficient number of pupils perform well on the exam, it looks like the subject has been learned. However, most of that material faded from pupils' heads a few weeks later. To avoid this and ensure that the knowledge obtained is retained for a longer period, studying should be done in smaller increments throughout time. 

Spaced-out study time helps students with learning and retaining information. It will make it easier for them to retain their knowledge in the longer term. Teachers can assist students in using this method by assisting them in creating a studying calendar to plan out how they will review pieces of knowledge, as well as by carving out little chunks of class time each day for review. Plan to cover both new and previously learned material in both cases: Many teachers refer to this as "spiraling." 

3. Image and Text

Combine text and images.

When we are given information, it is frequently accompanied by a visual: an image, a chart or graph, or a graphic organizer. Students when studying should make it a habit to pay attention to the visuals. They should then be able to connect the visuals to the text by describing what they imply in their own words. Students can then construct their own graphic representations of the subjects they are learning. This process reinforces notions in the brain via two distinct pathways, making them easier to recall later. 

In class, draw students' attention to the graphics in textbooks, the internet, and even your own PowerPoint presentations on a frequent basis. Allow students to describe the sights to one another and create connections to what you are studying. Next, to reinforce the lesson, have them make their own visualizations of it. Remind your students to include diagramming, drawing, and designing visual organizers in their home studies. This will help students learn and understand the subjects better. 

4. Interleaving

While studying, switch between thought

Another method to help students with learning is through interleaving. We all know that the best way to learn a skill is to practice it over and over again. Though repetition is important, studies show that combining practice with other skills helps us acquire that skill more efficiently.

When developing exercises for students, resist the need to make them repeat the same activity repeatedly. Instead, have them execute a couple of the new processes first, then introduce other skills to disrupt the repeated behavior and compel them to think more critically. Employ this method with students so that they can use it when they revise their lessons on their own. 

5. Elaborate

Explain and describe topics in great depth

This strategy requires students to push beyond mere retention of information and begin connecting the dots within the topic. Students should be able to ask themselves open-ended questions about the subject, respond in as much detail as possible, and then double-check their knowledge. This will help students learn and think out of the box. 

Teachers might use this method by holding brief class discussions in which questions are discussed and then inviting students to incorporate elaboration into their personal study plans.

In order to help students learn better, it is advisable to combine some of the strategies together. These tactics aren't always effective on their own. You could space out your retrieval exercise, and when undertaking retrieval practice. Try to recollect concrete examples, embellish, or sketch out an idea. You can interleave multiple concepts when undertaking retrieval practice. 

Include them in your class vocabulary 

You will observe an improvement in your teaching if you just employ these tactics. Students will not only have a clearer understanding of why you're doing what you're doing if you explain the research to them, teach them the terminology, and use that terminology when teaching. If you were to say, "Alright class, we are going to spend a few minutes on retrieval practice today.”. This way they may be more likely to carry those skills with them into future classes. 

Learning is a never-ending process. There is no right or wrong way when it comes to learning. One must bear in mind that, that learning is not a “one size fits all” scenario. Therefore, as students, you have to find a method that best suits you and helps you learn. What many students fail to understand is that studying is not only to score in your academics, but you should be able to retain that knowledge in the long run. 

 

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